CURL with time printed

cURL supports formatted output for the details of the request (see the cURL manpage for details, under -w, –write-out <format>). For our purposes we’ll focus just on the timing details that are provided. Times below are in seconds.

  1. Create a new file, curl-format.txt, and paste in:
    time_namelookup: %{time_namelookup}s\n
    time_connect: %{time_connect}s\n
    time_appconnect: %{time_appconnect}s\n
    time_pretransfer: %{time_pretransfer}s\n
    time_redirect: %{time_redirect}s\n
    time_starttransfer: %{time_starttransfer}s\n
    ----------\n
    time_total: %{time_total}s\n
  2. Make a request: curl -w "@curl-format.txt" -o /dev/null -s "http://wordpress.com/"

Or on Windows, it’s…

    curl -w "@curl-format.txt" -o NUL -s "http://wordpress.com/"

What this does:

-w "@curl-format.txt" tells cURL to use our format file
-o /dev/null redirects the output of the request to /dev/null
-s tells cURL not to show a progress meter
"http://wordpress.com/" is the URL we are requesting. Use quotes particularly if your URL has “&” query string parameters

And here is what you get back:

   time_namelookup:  0.001s
      time_connect:  0.037s
   time_appconnect:  0.000s
  time_pretransfer:  0.037s
     time_redirect:  0.000s
time_starttransfer:  0.092s
                   ----------
        time_total:  0.164s

Make a Linux/Mac shortcut (alias)

alias curltime="curl -w \"@$HOME/.curl-format.txt\" -o /dev/null -s "

Then you can simply call…

curltime wordpress.org

Thanks to commenter Pete Doyle!

Make a Linux/Mac stand-alone script

This script does not require a separate .txt file to contain the formatting.

Create a new file, curltime, somewhere in your executable path, and paste in:

#!/bin/bash

curl -w @- -o /dev/null -s "$@" <<'EOF'
    time_namelookup:  %{time_namelookup}\n
       time_connect:  %{time_connect}\n
    time_appconnect:  %{time_appconnect}\n
   time_pretransfer:  %{time_pretransfer}\n
      time_redirect:  %{time_redirect}\n
 time_starttransfer:  %{time_starttransfer}\n
                    ----------\n
         time_total:  %{time_total}\n
EOF

Call the same way as the alias:

curltime wordpress.org

Make a Windows shortcut (aka BAT file)

Put this command in CURLTIME.BAT (in the same folder as curl.exe)

curl -w "@%~dp0curl-format.txt" -o NUL -s %*

Then you can simply call…

curltime wordpress.org

Option 1. To measure total time:

curl -o /dev/null -s -w 'Total: %{time_total}s\n'  https://www.google.com

Sample output:

enter image description here

Option 2. To get time to establish connectiontime to first byte (TTFB) and total time:

curl -o /dev/null -s -w 'Establish Connection: %{time_connect}s\nTTFB: %{time_starttransfer}s\nTotal: %{time_total}s\n'  https://www.google.com

Sample output:

enter image description here

Ref: Get response time with curl

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