HashMap遍历的两种方式

第一种:

Map map = new HashMap(); 
Iterator iter = map.entrySet().iterator(); 
while (iter.hasNext()) { 
    Map.Entry entry = (Map.Entry) iter.next(); 
    Object key = entry.getKey(); 
    Object val = entry.getValue(); 
} 

效率高,以后一定要使用此种方式!
第二种:

Map map = new HashMap();
Iterator iter = map.keySet().iterator();
while (iter.hasNext()) {
Object key = iter.next();
Object val = map.get(key);
}

效率低,以后尽量少使用!

例:
HashMap的遍历有两种常用的方法,那就是使用keyset及entryset来进行遍历,但两者的遍历速度是有差别的,下面请看实例:

public class HashMapTest {
public static void main(String[] args) ...{
HashMap hashmap = new HashMap();
for (int i = 0; i < 1000; i ) ...{
hashmap.put("" i, "thanks");
}

long bs = Calendar.getInstance().getTimeInMillis();
Iterator iterator = hashmap.keySet().iterator();
while (iterator.hasNext()) ...{
System.out.print(hashmap.get(iterator.next()));
}
System.out.println();
System.out.println(Calendar.getInstance().getTimeInMillis() - bs);
listHashMap();
}

public static void listHashMap() ...{
java.util.HashMap hashmap = new java.util.HashMap();
for (int i = 0; i < 1000; i ) ...{
hashmap.put("" i, "thanks");
}
long bs = Calendar.getInstance().getTimeInMillis();
java.util.Iterator it = hashmap.entrySet().iterator();
while (it.hasNext()) ...{
java.util.Map.Entry entry = (java.util.Map.Entry) it.next();
// entry.getKey() 返回与此项对应的键
// entry.getValue() 返回与此项对应的值
System.out.print(entry.getValue());
}
System.out.println();
System.out.println(Calendar.getInstance().getTimeInMillis() - bs);
}
}

对于keySet其实是遍历了2次,一次是转为iterator,一次就从hashmap中取出key所对于的value。而entryset只是遍历了第一次,他把key和value都放到了entry中,所以就快了。

注:Hashtable的遍历方法和以上的差不多!

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